Monday, October 3, 2016

Introduction To Lyme Disease

 Circular red rash with central clearing characteristic of Lyme disease. Rash is known as Erythema chornicum migrans.

Introduction: Caused by the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi, Lyme disease is transmitted by the bite of the deer tick (Ixodes dammini).
Although reported in most states, it appears to be predominant in the Great Lakes area and the Western and Northeastern United States.

Clinical features: The symptoms occur in three stages:

First stage. This stage usually begins with malaise, fever, headache, stiff neck, and back pain. Generalized lymphadenopathy with splenomegaly occurs, and a large annular erythematous lesion forms at the bite site and shows central clearing (erythema chronicum migrans). Multiple lesions may occur and affect other areas of the body. The lesions are warm but not often painful. As many as 25% may not exhibit skin manifestations. These symptoms usually appear within a few days to up to 1 month after the tick bite.

Second stage. This is the disseminated stage. Complications include carditis with AV block, palpitations, dyspnea, chest pain, and syncope. Pericarditis may also occur. Neurologic manifestations, including peripheral neuropathies and meningitis, are sometimes present. Large-joint arthritis is also common.


Chronic phase. After the second stage, a chronic phase may result. This phase is predominantly characterized with intermittent attacks of oligoarthritis lasting weeks to months. Other symptoms include subtle neurologic abnormalities (e.g., memory problems, mood or sleep disorders).

Diagnosis is usually made by the clinical presentation; however, an ELISA followed by Western blot for positive results can help in the diagnosis but is somewhat unreliable.

Treatment for early disease include doxycycline, amoxicillin, and cefuroxime axetil. A single dose of doxycycline has been shown to reduce the likelihood of Lyme disease after a deer tick bite. A moderately effective recombinant vaccine for the prevention of Lyme disease has been removed from the market.

1 comment:

  1. Hello, my name is Betty. i was diagnosed of HIV virus 4 years back. Before then, i was dating this Derrick guy. we had something great going on. Our love life only lasted for 8 months. the sixth and seven month of our relationship, i began feeling very weak every now and then. But i never suspected anything until I kept on experiencing different symptoms like having sore throats, constant headache, body weakness e.t.c. I decided to go for a medical check up. I was tested HIV positive. when the doctor broke the news to me, it was as if my whole world had crumbled. it dawned on me then that Derrick has been lying to me. i was very mad to an extent i almost committed suicide. But there was nothing i could do, other than weep and weep. ever since then, i have been spending heavily on medications, going from one medical clinic or the other so I can look healthy. Though since i was a kid, i love herbs a lot. i take herbal tea with grandma while growing so i am quite familiar with herbs. early last year, i was on the internet and on a particular health blog, to check for herbal medication as alternative. I saw many comments and read many testimonies. Until i came across a particular testimony on how Dr.ugo cured a patient from herpes simplex virus using pure natural herbs. i reached out to the doctor because I also was thinking Herpes had no cure. I told him about my HIV status.He encouraged me not to panic that he will help me get my deliverance. he prepared some herbs and sent them to me. The herbs were in four 70ml bottles and I took them morning and night. i used as he directed, and in less than three weeks, i started having appetite to eat plenty of food and i gained back my strength. the fourth week,I consumed all the herbal meds. He encouraged me to go for a test which i did. This time, the result was negative. I quickly contacted the doctor and informed him of the news. I immediately asked him to prepare for Derrick too. He did and sent it. Today, me and Derrick are HIV free. All thanks goes to God Almighty for healing us through Dr.Ugo. if you are having any kind of sickness at all, Dr.Ugo is the right person to talk to and i assure you, you will be glad you did. His email: ugoherbalhome@gmail.com you can also write him on WhatsApp +2348104990619.

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