Thursday, October 13, 2016

A Brief Description Of Scalp Lesions

Lesions on the scalp are common and the causes are listed below:

Causes:

1. Traumatic:

  • Hematoma
  • Cephalhaematoma
2. Sabaceous cysts.

3. Neoplastic:
  • Bening - Ivory osteoma
  • Malignant: basal cell carcinoma, Squamous cell carcinoma, malignant melanoma, myeloma
  • Secondary metastases from breast, bronchus, thyroid, prostate.
4. Infective:
  • Cock's peculiar tumor
  • Tinea capitis
5. Others:
  • Psoriasis
  • Seborrhoeic dermatitis.
Clinical History And Physical Examination: 

1. Hematoma: A history of truama will be present and a boggy hematoma may overlie a skull fracture. X ray is required to exclude an underlying fracture. 

2. Cephalhematoma: is seen in newborn babies following a traumatic delivery. The hematoma spreads beneath the periosteum of the skull and is therefore limited by skull sutures. 
                                             Cephalhematoma


3. Sebaceous cysts: these may be multiple and noticed when combing the hair. The sebaceous cysts are spherical tender, firm swellings in the scalp. rarely a punctum is visible with a sebaceous cyst on the scalp. 
                                                 Sebaceous cysts


4. Ivory Osteoma; A benign lesion which may present as a rock hard swelling on the scalp. The patient is usually a young adult and asymptomatic. The skin is freely mobile over it. 
                                                       Ivory Osteoma


5. Squamous cell carcinoma: presents as an ulcer with a hard, everted edge.
                                         Squamous cell carcinoma

6. Malignant Melanoma: is usually pigmented, ulcerated and bleeds. Cervical lymphadenopathy may be present.
                                              Malignant Melanoma


7. Basal Cell carcinoma: is a raised ulcer with a rolled edge with a pearly appearance often with superficial telengiectasia
                                                   Basal Cell carcinoma


8. Myeloma: may present with painful lesions in the skull with areas of localized tenderness.

9. Cock's Peculiar tumor: is due to a sebaceous cyst infection which suppurates and granulation tissue appears on its surface. Patient may present with a sore , bleeding lesion on the scalp. It may be mistaken for a squamous cell carcinoma.
                                               Cock's Peculiar tumor
  

10. Tinea Capitis: there are red , scaly patches on the scalp , with broken hairs. Usually seen in children.
                                              Tinea Capitis  


11. Psoriasis: may affect the scalp and there may be history of lesions elsewhere. There are well demarcated areas of scales heaped up over red plaque. The hair grows normally through the plaques. 
                                           Scalp Psoriasis


12. Seborrhoeic dermatitis: shows fine scales with intact hair 

                                              Seborrhoeic dermatitis

2 comments:

  1. Hello, my name is Betty. i was diagnosed of HIV virus 4 years back. Before then, i was dating this Derrick guy. we had something great going on. Our love life only lasted for 8 months. the sixth and seven month of our relationship, i began feeling very weak every now and then. But i never suspected anything until I kept on experiencing different symptoms like having sore throats, constant headache, body weakness e.t.c. I decided to go for a medical check up. I was tested HIV positive. when the doctor broke the news to me, it was as if my whole world had crumbled. it dawned on me then that Derrick has been lying to me. i was very mad to an extent i almost committed suicide. But there was nothing i could do, other than weep and weep. ever since then, i have been spending heavily on medications, going from one medical clinic or the other so I can look healthy. Though since i was a kid, i love herbs a lot. i take herbal tea with grandma while growing so i am quite familiar with herbs. early last year, i was on the internet and on a particular health blog, to check for herbal medication as alternative. I saw many comments and read many testimonies. Until i came across a particular testimony on how Dr.ugo cured a patient from herpes simplex virus using pure natural herbs. i reached out to the doctor because I also was thinking Herpes had no cure. I told him about my HIV status.He encouraged me not to panic that he will help me get my deliverance. he prepared some herbs and sent them to me. The herbs were in four 70ml bottles and I took them morning and night. i used as he directed, and in less than three weeks, i started having appetite to eat plenty of food and i gained back my strength. the fourth week,I consumed all the herbal meds. He encouraged me to go for a test which i did. This time, the result was negative. I quickly contacted the doctor and informed him of the news. I immediately asked him to prepare for Derrick too. He did and sent it. Today, me and Derrick are HIV free. All thanks goes to God Almighty for healing us through Dr.Ugo. if you are having any kind of sickness at all, Dr.Ugo is the right person to talk to and i assure you, you will be glad you did. His email: ugoherbalhome@gmail.com you can also write him on WhatsApp +2348104990619.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Nice blog
    Have been totally convinced that HIV,and many others dangerous diseases can be best cured using the Herbal Medicine. Dr.Akpu the great and powerful herbalist cured me with his Herbal remedy. I'm Linda,15 years from Texas. I was born with HIV. I lost parents at my teenager age when I was 4th. I had to grew up with my mum only Sister, whom I loved so much. She was so worried about my life as my condition was her mature problem in life. I had taken lots of antiviral treatment to get ride of the virus not believing what there said HIV has no cure. I was on the internet when i came across blogs of testimony about a lady who where cured of a 7 years diagnose of Herpes by this powerful Herbalist, Dr.Akpu.I wrote down his mail @ Dr.akpupowerherbscenter@gmail.com
    I told my Aunt,luckily it was the same Dr,we where referred to few months back by my pastor in church whom members have being testifying about of his cure We did contacted him and explained my problem to him.He prepared the medicine and sent to me with details of how to use and apply. After a while, I began to feel more strong than never before, I felt so lucky and happy when my Doctor congratulated me that he could found no HIV virus again in me. I knew I was free cos my body was so strong. His herbal medicine should have saved my parents life, i said!
    Thanks so much for reading my article, you should share your testimony if you have cure as well
    Dr.akpupowerherbscenter@gmail.com
    Is the solution

    ReplyDelete